Japan Spring 2019

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Japan will resume commercial whaling again. What other countries still whale as well? TOKYO — Japan announced Wednesday that it is leaving the International Whaling Commission to resume commercial hunts for the animals for the first time in 30 years, but said it would no longer go to the Antarctic for its much-criticized annual killings. Japan switched to what it calls research whaling after the IWC imposed a moratorium on commercial whaling in the s, and now says stocks have recovered enough to resume commercial hunts.

Anti-whalers say Icelandic hunters killed protected blue whale. He added that Japan is disappointed that the IWC — which he said is dominated by conservationists — focuses on the protection of whale stocks even though the commission has a treaty mandate for both whale conservation and the development of the whaling industry.

He said Japan would stop its annual whaling expeditions to the Antarctic and northwest Pacific oceans. Non-signatory states are not allowed to do so, according to Japanese Fisheries Agency officials. The IWC imposed the moratorium on commercial whaling three decades ago due to a dwindling whale population. In , Japan switched to what is calls research whaling, but the program has been criticized as a cover for commercial hunting since the meat is sold on the market at home.

Japanese vessel caught with dead whale onboard; accused of whale hunting. On 8 August , the Emperor gave a rare televised address, where he emphasized his advanced age and declining health; [6] this address was interpreted as an implication of his intention to abdicate. In October , the Cabinet Office appointed a panel of experts to debate the Emperor's abdication, which recommended that the law should be a one-off measure for Akihito alone. In January , the Lower House Budget committee began informally debating the constitutional nature of the abdication.

On 19 May , the bill that would allow Akihito to abdicate was issued by the Japanese government 's cabinet. On 8 June , the National Diet passed a one-off bill allowing Akihito to abdicate, and for the government to begin arranging the process of handing over the position to Crown Prince Naruhito.

On 1 December , the Imperial Household Council , which had not met in 24 years, did so in order to schedule the ceremonials involved in the first such transfer of power in two centuries.

Of the latter, Prince Akishino , the Emperor's younger son, has been asked to stand down, as he is an "interested party" in the matter. He was replaced by Prince Hitachi , the Emperor's year-old younger brother, the other one is Hitachi's wife Princess Hanako. Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga told reporters that the date was chosen to permit the old Emperor to be able to preside over a 30th anniversary Jubilee and to coincide with the Golden Week annual holiday period, turning the changeover from a period of mourning and makeshift ceremonial into a joyous, well-planned, festival.

Finally, on December 8, , the government created a special committee to oversee the events. The committee met for the first time in January , and the following month announced that a plan called a "basic policy statement," was released on April 3. The government has suggested that the Golden week holidays be consolidated into a special ten day block lasting from April 27 to May 6.

Had the transition not been scheduled in advance, April 29 and May are already national holidays in , following the weekend of April 27— The abdication and enthronement would both be National holidays, and public law states that a regular work day sandwiched between two national holidays would become "Public" holidays. Since the Meiji restoration in , a new Japanese Era starts the day after the old Emperor dies. However, in Emperor Akihito's case, manufacturers of calendars, forms and other paper products will need to know the new Era's name in advance to produce their wares in a timely manner.

In order to prevent divisive debate on the subject, delaying the announcement as late as is practically possible, either the old emperor's birthday or his Jubilee celebrations have been suggested. Until the Era name becomes known, computers and software manufacturers will need to test their systems before the transition in order to ensure that the new era will be handled correctly by their software. Some systems provide test mechanisms to simulate a new era ahead of time.

The Enthronement Ceremony is scheduled to take place on 22 October , marking the end of the transition period. It is to be an extra holiday. Emperor Akihito informs his advisory council that he would like to eventually retire and to help him arrange it.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Japanese imperial transition, History of Japan Tokyo skyline. Retrieved 6 January

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