Where is Detroit, MI?
The Amtrak station is located in New Center north of downtown.
Chrysler Museum in Auburn Hills. The city's Greektown and three downtown casino resort hotels serve as part of an entertainment hub. The Eastern Market farmer's distribution center is the largest open-air flowerbed market in the United States and has more than foods and specialty businesses. Midtown has about 50, residents and attracts millions of visitors each year to its museums and cultural centers;  for example, the Detroit Festival of the Arts in Midtown draws about , people.
As the world's traditional automotive center, the city hosts the North American International Auto Show. Held since , America's Thanksgiving Parade is one of the nation's largest. The image is often used as a symbol of Detroit and the statue itself is occasionally dressed in sports jerseys to celebrate when a Detroit team is doing well. The sculpture, commissioned by Sports Illustrated and executed by Robert Graham , is a foot 7. Artist Tyree Guyton created the controversial street art exhibit known as the Heidelberg Project in , using found objects including cars, clothing and shoes found in the neighborhood near and on Heidelberg Street on the near East Side of Detroit.
Detroit is one of 13 U. Since , all of these teams play in the city limits of Detroit itself, a distinction shared with only three other U. Detroit is the only U. There are three active major sports venues in the city: A marketing campaign promoted the nickname " Hockeytown ".
The Detroit Tigers have won four World Series titles. Two new downtown stadiums for the Detroit Tigers and Detroit Lions opened in and , respectively, returning the Lions to the city proper.
In college sports, Detroit's central location within the Mid-American Conference has made it a frequent site for the league's championship events. The local soccer team is called the Detroit City Football Club and was founded in In the years following the mids, Detroit was referred to as the "City of Champions" after the Tigers, Lions, and Red Wings captured all three major professional sports championships in a seven-month period of time the Tigers won the World Series in October ; the Lions won the NFL championship in December ; the Red Wings won the Stanley Cup in April Joe Louis won the heavyweight championship of the world in Detroit has made the most bids to host the Summer Olympics without ever being awarded the games: The city government is run by a mayor and a nine-member city council and clerk.
Seven city council members are elected via district while two are elected at large. The mayor and clerk are elected in an at large election as well. Since voters approved the city's charter in , Detroit has had a " strong mayoral " system, with the mayor approving departmental appointments.
The council approves budgets but the mayor is not obligated to adhere to any earmarking. City ordinances and substantially large contracts must be approved by the council. The city clerk supervises elections and is formally charged with the maintenance of municipal records.
Municipal elections for mayor, city council and city clerk are held at four-year intervals, in the year after presidential elections. Detroit's courts are state-administered and elections are nonpartisan.
Young Municipal Center in downtown Detroit. The city provides law enforcement through the Detroit Police Department and emergency services through the Detroit Fire Department. Detroit has struggled with high crime for decades. The number of homicides peaked in at and again in with The Murder rate for the city have gone up and down throughout the years averaging over murders with a population of over 1,, residents. The crime rate however has been above the nation average since the s   Crime has since decreased and, in , the murder rate was About half of all murders in Michigan in occurred in Detroit.
The city's downtown typically has lower crime than national and state averages. In , crime in the city was among the reasons for more expensive car insurance.
Beginning with its incorporation in , Detroit has had a total of 74 mayors. Detroit's last mayor from the Republican Party was Louis Miriani , who served from to In , the city elected its first black mayor, Coleman Young. Despite development efforts, his combative style during his five terms in office was not well received by many suburban residents. By , three major casino resort hotels established operations in the city. In , the city requested an investigation by the United States Justice Department into the Detroit Police Department which was concluded in over allegations regarding its use of force and civil rights violations.
The city proceeded with a major reorganization of the Detroit Police Department. It has been making ends meet on a month-to-month basis with the help of bond money held in a state escrow account and has instituted mandatory unpaid days off for many city workers.
Those troubles, along with underfunded city services, such as police and fire departments, and ineffective turnaround plans from Bing and the City Council  led the state of Michigan to appoint an emergency manager for Detroit on March 14, Detroit is home to several institutions of higher learning including Wayne State University , a national research university with medical and law schools in the Midtown area offering hundreds of academic degrees and programs.
The University of Detroit Mercy offers more than a hundred academic degrees and programs of study including business, dentistry , law , engineering, architecture, nursing and allied health professions. Sacred Heart Major Seminary , founded in , is affiliated with Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum in Rome and offers pontifical degrees as well as civil undergraduate and graduate degrees. Sacred Heart Major Seminary offers a variety of academic programs for both clerical and lay students.
In , University of Michigan—Dearborn was established in neighboring Dearborn. Detroit has an additional 56, charter school students for a combined enrollment of about , students.
In , the Michigan Legislature removed the locally elected board of education amid allegations of mismanagement and replaced it with a reform board appointed by the mayor and governor. The elected board of education was re-established following a city referendum in The first election of the new member board of education occurred on November 8, Due to growing Detroit charter schools enrollment as well as a continued exodus of population, the city planned to close many public schools.
Public and charter school students in the city have performed poorly on standardized tests. While Detroit public schools scored a record low on national tests, the publicly funded charter schools did even worse than the public schools.
Detroit public schools students scored the lowest on tests of reading and writing of all major cities in the United States in Detroit is served by various private schools, as well as parochial Roman Catholic schools operated by the Archdiocese of Detroit. As of [update] there are four Catholic grade schools and three Catholic high schools in the City of Detroit, with all of them in the city's west side.
In the — school year there were about Catholic grade schools in Detroit, Hamtramck , and Highland Park and 55 Catholic high schools in those three cities.
The Catholic school population in Detroit has decreased due to the increase of charter schools , increasing tuition at Catholic schools, the small number of African-American Catholics, White Catholics moving to suburbs, and the decreased number of teaching nuns. The Detroit Free Press and The Detroit News are the major daily newspapers, both broadsheet publications published together under a joint operating agreement called the Detroit Newspaper Partnership.
Also founded in and based in Detroit the Michigan Chronicle is one of the oldest and most respected African-American weekly newspapers in America. Covering politics, entertainment, sports and community events.
Detroit has the 11th largest radio market in the United States,  though this ranking does not take into account Canadian audiences. Hardcore Pawn , a U. John Health System , and the John D. Dingell VA Medical Center. The DMC has more than 2, licensed beds and 3, affiliated physicians.
It is the largest private employer in the City of Detroit. Detroit Medical Center formally became a part of Vanguard Health Systems on December 30, , as a for profit corporation. Joseph's, and University of Michigan Medical Center.
With its proximity to Canada and its facilities, ports, major highways, rail connections and international airports, Detroit is an important transportation hub. Mass transit in the region is provided by bus services.
The new high-frequency service travels along three of Detroit's busiest corridors, Gratiot, Woodward, and Michigan, and only stops at designated FAST stops.
Cross border service between the downtown areas of Windsor and Detroit is provided by Transit Windsor via the Tunnel Bus. An elevated rail system known as the People Mover , completed in , provides daily service around a 2. The Regional Transit Authority RTA was established by an act of the Michigan legislature in December to oversee and coordinate all existing regional mass transit operations, and to develop new transit services in the region.
The RTA's first project was the introduction of RelfeX, a limited-stop , cross-county bus service connecting downtown and midtown Detroit with Oakland county via Woodward avenue. Amtrak provides service to Detroit, operating its Wolverine service between Chicago and Pontiac.
The Amtrak station is located in New Center north of downtown. Westcott II , which delivers mail to lake freighters on the Detroit River, is the world's only floating post office. The city of Detroit has a higher than average percentage of households without a car. Young International Airport DET , previously called Detroit City Airport, is on Detroit's northeast side; the airport now maintains only charter service and general aviation. Metro Detroit has an extensive toll-free network of freeways administered by the Michigan Department of Transportation.
Four major Interstate Highways surround the city. I Chrysler and Fisher freeways is the region's main north—south route, serving Flint , Pontiac , Troy , and Detroit, before continuing south as the Detroit—Toledo and Seaway Freeways to serve many of the communities along the shore of Lake Erie.
The stretch of the current I freeway from Ypsilanti to Detroit was one of America's earlier limited-access highways. A portion was known as the Willow Run Expressway. The I freeway runs northwest—southeast through Livingston, Oakland and Wayne counties and as the Jeffries Freeway through Wayne County has its eastern terminus in downtown Detroit. I runs north—south from I in the south to the junction of I and I in the north, providing a bypass through the western suburbs of Detroit.
I is a short spur route in downtown Detroit, an extension of the Chrysler Freeway. I Reuther Freeway runs east—west from the junction of I and I, providing a route through the northern suburbs of Detroit. Taken together, I and I form a semicircle around Detroit.
Michigan state highways designated with the letter M serve to connect major freeways. Detroit is home to the only floating post office in the United States. In , The J. Westcott II became a floating post office servicing the Port of Detroit.
Its zip code is Originally established in as a maritime reporting agency to inform other vessels about port conditions, the J. Westcott II is still in operation today. Detroit has seven sister cities , as designated by Sister Cities International: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 3 January This article is about the city in Michigan. For other uses, see Detroit disambiguation.
For other uses, see Motor City disambiguation and Detroit City disambiguation. Largest city in Michigan. City in Michigan, United States. From top to bottom, left to right: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus Latin: History of Detroit and Timeline of Detroit. Decline of Detroit and Detroit bankruptcy.
Planning and development in Detroit. List of tallest buildings in Detroit. Architecture of metropolitan Detroit. Demographic history of Detroit and Demographics of Metro Detroit. Economy of metropolitan Detroit and Planning and development in Detroit. Professional and business services. Education and health services. Tourism in metropolitan Detroit. Sports in Detroit and U. Government of Detroit and List of mayors of Detroit.
Crime in Detroit and Detroit Police Department. Colleges and universities in Metro Detroit. Transportation in metropolitan Detroit. Roads and freeways in metropolitan Detroit.
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Back track , Metro Times, Retrieved on July 16, Retrieved July 27, Retrieved July 29, Retrieved April 23, Retrieved April 21, Archived from the original on June 13, Retrieved May 16, City of Detroit Partnership. Retrieved on November 24, Most suburbanites are repeat visitors," Detroit Free Press. A Local 4 poll conducted by Selzer and Co. Retrieved February 10, The New York Times. Retrieved March 23, Retrieved February 13, Detroit Economic Growth Corporation.
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Dean of Students Office. Holistic Health and Wellness. The Civil Rights Movement had been well underway for more than a decade. Blacks were tired of being abused by the police and treated unfairly. Racism and the demographic makeup of Detroit set the stage for the unrest. Fact-checking the Detroit movie revealed that the demographic makeup of the police force was not in line with the demographic makeup of the city. There were approximately 5, cops on the police force and only were black.
During our investigation into the true story behind the Detroit movie, we discovered that a total of 43 people were killed during the Detroit riots, including the three young black men at the Algiers Motel, which is the focus of Kathryn Bigelow's movie. Approximately 1, people were injured and over 7, were arrested.
John Hersey's book is the primary source on the incident. While John Hersey's book The Algiers Motel Incident has been one of the definitive sources on the killings, the rights to the book have never been for sale, per author Hersey's insistence.
Detroit screenwriter Mark Boal conducted his own research for the movie, but in the end, the movie is a fictional account of what happened at the Algiers. Like author Hersey, Boal interviewed survivors and participants in the riots, including civilians, police, and military. However, if you're looking for a more detailed and factual account of the Algiers Motel killings, John Hersey's book is a good place to start.
One advantage Hersey had is that he penned the book when the trial was going on and many of the people connected to the event were still alive. Will Poulter's character, the evil Philip Krauss, is largely fictional. He most closely correlates to year-old Vice Patrolman David Senak in real life, but the connection is loose at best.
Poulter's character is said to be a combination of a number of different officers from the Detroit Police Department who were present at the Algiers Motel that night. Because the three officers charged were found innocent in real life, their names were changed for the movie so as to not implicate them, even if the verdict is believed to have been biased.
Screenwriter Mark Boal admits that he had to tweak the dialogue a bit to make it more appealing to today's audiences. During the riots, civilian snipers and looters shooting at police and fireman had become a problem. In fact, just hours before the Algiers incident, Detroit police officer Jerome Olshove was shot and killed by a looter. A few days earlier, Newark police detective Frederick Toto was killed by a sniper.
The police force was on edge. It was made worse by the fact that, over the course of the riots, 2, rifles and 38 handguns had been looted from local stores.
On the night of July , police were alerted to a sniper, gunman, or group of gunmen in the vicinity of the Algiers Motel at Woodward Avenue. Upon arriving, the police and National Guard claimed they heard a pistol go off inside the motel they later found only a starter pistol that fired blanks.
They rushed the building and it wasn't long before three young black men were dead, including Fred Temple, Aubrey Pollard and Carl Cooper. The annex building in the back of the main motel is where the killing of Fred Temple, Aubrey Pollard and Carl Cooper occurred at the hands of the police. The motel no longer stands. In real life, Karen Malloy, one of the two year-old women at the motel, testified that Carl Cooper fired the blank at another black youth in the room on the third floor of the Algiers Motel's annex building.
This is in line with what is shown in the movie. However, in the film, Carl Cooper also then fires a blank while aiming the gun out the window at the National Guard. While it makes sense that this is what the police and National Guard heard, we were unable to corroborate it with the Detroit movie true story. However, in the movie only Juli Hysell is forcibly stripped, and it happens largely by accident when Officer Krauss is being too rough with her. Fact-checking Detroit confirms that after the occupants of the motel's annex were lined up and hit by officers who demanded to know who was supposedly sniping from the motel, the two year-old girls, Juli Hysell and Karen Malloy, were stripped naked and called "nigger lovers.
According to Officer Ronald August, he took Aubrey Pollard into a room and Pollard pushed his shotgun away before trying to grab the gun.
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